The History and Evolution of Cellphones

Every second person on the street is busy looking down into their phones. It seems that people cannot survive without their cellphones these days. Cellphones have evolved quite rapidly in the past years. Agreed that they have become incredibly advanced due to smartphones, but the history of cellphones dates back to 1983. Let’s have a look at the evolution of the phone.

The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell and the first phone call was made by him in 1878. Ever since that day, the telephone’s essential role in our lives has been growing. Bell’s breakthrough involved more than just the creation of a new device. It changed the way we interact with each other and the world around us.

Cell phones were later developed which came to be known as “car phones” due to their huge size. It was not possible to carry these car phones in one’s pocket or purse. In 1983, Motorola introduced the Motorola DynaTAC 8000x. If you compared today’s slim phones with this model, you would have classified this phone as a huge one. But the Motorola DynaTAC 8000x was considered the first truly mobile phone because it was small enough to carry. Marty Cooper, Motorola’s employee, made the first mobile phone call ever with this phone.

Later on, the “clamshell” was introduced. The model was MicroTAC by Motorola and it had a red LED display and a standard 12-button keypad, plus a menu of options including a calculator, hands-free operation, keypad tones, and much, much more. It was designed keeping in mind to fit in a shirt pocket. Later on, Nokia introduced the “Candybar.” The candybar phone was named as such, because it was approximately the size and shape of, well, a bar of candy.

The structure old bulky phones took a turn for sleek modern flip phones in the mid 90’s. This Motorola hybrid satellite/GSM phone was one of the first of its kind. Later on, Nokia went on to release the Nokia 6000 series. We are sure most of you must have played the game Snakes on this model of Nokia! Soon after, the Razr was introduced by Motorola. A game changing area for cellphones was the introduction of BlackBerry’s email client and BlackBerry-to-BlackBerry instant messaging! Soon later, iPhone was unveiled in 2007. Steve Jobs launched the all-in-one digital music player, camera (2MP!), and Internet-enabled PDA device.

AT&T launched its mobile telephone service commercially on 17 June 1946 in St. Louis, Missouri, at a frequency of 150 MHz. Throughout the 1950s, AT&T, Motorola and others continued their cellular technology R&D efforts. The rest they say is history. Today, the average cell phone weighs mere ounces and uses digital technology. Users can not only call, but also send/receive messages, images, sound, text etc. Cellphones have become affordable communication tools for more people than ever.

Who knows what is the future of cellphones? Given the rate at which cellphones developed, in future, cellphones can even become more naturally in sync with our biological reflexes and processes such as eye movement, thought processes, kinesthetic, cultural preferences. It isn’t about how we change cellphones. Now, it’s all about how cellphones change us.

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